Global Monetary Policy Review for December 2016

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Monetary Policy of #Japan #USA #India and #Brazil

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USA’s Monetary Policy and GDP Review

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US Federal Reserve Monetary Policy release with Meeting schedules of 2017

US Economic or GDP growth rates of last 4 quarters
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#GDP Update of #India #UnitedStates on 29th May 2015

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india gdp-29 may 2015-rupesh india gdp-29 may 2015-yash bothra us gdp-2015-yash bothra

#GDP Update of #India #UnitedStates on 29th May 2015

#GDPEstimates #Constantprices #Currentprices #IndiaEconomy #GrowthRate #Quarter1 #EconomicAccounts #BEA #NewsRelease #Macroeconomics #JhunjhunwalasFinance

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Top 10 Investing Countries in India

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Top 10 Investing Countries in India
Top 10 Investing Countries in India

Top 10 #InvestingCountries in #India in #Equities from April to September 2014.

#FDI #ForeignDirectInvestment #IndiaInvesting #FDIIndia #EquityInflows
#ForeignInvestments #IndiaSecuritiesMarket #InvestIndia
#Mauritius #Singapore #UK #UnitedKingdom #Japan #Netherlands
#USA #France #UnitedStateOfAmerica #Cyprus #Germany #Switzerland

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A Brief Introduction on Nasdaq Stock Exchange

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A Brief Introduction on Nasdaq Stock Exchange
A Brief Introduction on Nasdaq Stock Exchange 

A Brief Introduction on #NasdaqStockExchange

#Nasdaq #NasdaqOMX #DerivativesExchange #FinancialIndustry #USA #UnitedStatesofAmerica #EquityMarket #NasdaqListedCompanies #AmericaStockExchange #AmericaEquity

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American Stock Market Indices Performance for 3 days as on 28th October 2014

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American Stock Market Benchmark Index Nasdaq Composite SP500 and DJIA Performance as on 28th October 2014
American Stock Market Benchmark Index Nasdaq Composite SP500 and DJIA Performance as on 28th October 2014
American Stock Market Benchmark Index SP500 Performance as on 27th October 2014
American Stock Market Benchmark Index SP500 Performance as on 27th October 2014
American Stock Market Benchmark Index DJIA and Nasdaq Composite Performance as on 27th October 2014
American Stock Market Benchmark Index DJIA and Nasdaq Composite Performance as on 27th October 2014
‎American Stock Market‬ Benchmark Indices ‪‎DJIA‬ ‎SP500‬ ‪‎NasdaqComposite‬ Performance for 24th October 2014
‎American Stock Market‬ Benchmark Indices ‪‎DJIA‬ ‎SP500‬ ‪‎NasdaqComposite‬ Performance for 24th October 2014

‪#‎AmericanStockMarket‬ Benchmark Indices ‪#‎DJIA‬ ‪#‎SP500‬ ‪#‎NasdaqComposite‬
Performance for 3 days as on 28th October 2014

‪#‎UnitedStatesEquityMarket‬ ‪#‎AmericanStocks‬ ‪
#‎DowJonesIndustrialAverage‬ ‪#‎Dow‬ ‪#‎AmericanFinancialMarkets‬

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Entrepreneurial Mindsets in USA and China…. World’s Two Largest Economies

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As the world continues to recover — slowly — from the effects of the 2008-2009 global financial crisis, it is essential for the world’s two largest economies, the United States and China, to foster positive economic growth by supporting startups. At Gallup, we believe new business startups can be as or even more important than large companies to economic growth — startups are a significant provider of new jobs in every major economy.

The U.S. and China, however, both have specific strengths and weaknesses when it comes to the entrepreneurial mindset of their citizens.

A large disparity between the U.S. and China is whether people think their government makes it easy or hard to start a business. In the U.S., 32% say that the government makes it easy to start a business, compared with 82% in China. But about the same percentage of people in each country — 55% in the U.S. and 52% in China — think that the city or area in which they live is a good place to start a business.

Respondents from both countries are also equally likely to say that people in their country can get ahead by working hard — 80% in the U.S. and 86% in China. However, there is evidence of differing views toward entrepreneurship.

For one, Americans are more likely than respondents in China to say they would rather take a risk and build their own business than work for someone else — 60% vs. 35%. And, if they don’t already own a business, Americans are more likely than the Chinese to say they have thought about starting their own business — 68% to 44%.

One reason the Chinese may be less likely than Americans to say they want to start their own business is because they lack the trusted advisers and training they need. The Chinese are less likely than Americans to say there is someone outside their family who they trust enough to make partner in starting a business — 45% vs. 68%. And, residents of China are much less likely than Americans to say they know someone who would be able to give them good advice about managing a business — 33% vs. 74%. The Chinese are also less likely than Americans to say they have access to training on how to start a business — 18% vs. 59%.

Even though Americans are much more likely than the Chinese to say they have thought about owning their own business, adults in both countries who do not currently own a business are equally as likely to say they plan to start one in the next 12 months — 8% in the U.S. and 9% in China.

As the world’s top two economies continue to look for ways to spur growth, there are specific strategies that leaders in both countries can follow to increase the number of startups and improve their likelihood for success.

Leaders in China: As China begins to battle declining GDP growth and, like many other significant economies, focuses on small and medium-sized enterprises to spur job creation and growth, it is essential to create an environment with programs that support entrepreneurs. Chinese leaders should promote initiatives that leverage Chinese residents’ generally positive views toward entrepreneurship. Leaders should also establish programs that encourage successful entrepreneurs in local areas to provide advice to and mentor budding entrepreneurs. Another major factor is training — Chinese leaders could provide widely available training in key skills required for running both a startup and an established business.

Leaders in America: My advice is simple — take steps that will lead potential entrepreneurs to view the government as being helpful, rather than a hindrance to creating new business enterprises.

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Global Central Banks Monetary Policy Weekly Review for week ended May 4, 2013

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Monetary Policy Week in Review – May 4, 2013: Europe, India cut rates, Fed assures QE depends on economy – Central Bank News.

 Last week 11 central banks took policy decisions with six banks keeping rates steady (Angola, Albania, the United States, the Czech Republic, Romania and Uganda), Bulgaria raising its rate and four banks cutting rates, most notably the European Central Bank (ECB) and theReserve Bank of India (RBI) along with Denmark and Botswana.
    Both the ECB and the RBI cut their key rates by 25 basis points, both rate cuts were widely expected and both central banks appealed – almost in unison – to their respective governments to get busy on reforming their economies as the problems, as ECB President Mario Draghi said, “cannot be fixed by monetary policy.”
    That sentiment was echoed by the RBI, which said “recent monetary policy action, by itself, cannot revive growth.”
    But that is where the similarities end.
   While Draghi said the ECB is “ready to act if needed,” including pushing the deposit rate into negative territory, the RBI cautioned there was  “little space for further monetary easing” due to inflationary pressures.
    Despite his willingness to act, Draghi is running out of options to reverse Europe’s shrinking economy. Large banks can draw all the money they need from the ECB at a refinancing rate of 0.50 percent while banks that rely on the interbank market for funds pay 6-7 basis points, or “almost zero, ” as Draghi said.
    And a plan to funnel loans to small and medium-sized businesses, mentioned by Draghi last month, turns out to be a very complex undertaking that will not happen in the near term.
    “The ECB cannot clean bank’s balance sheets,” Draghi said, admitting that he was frustrated that his efforts were not ending up with “better welfare, lower unemployment and better economic activity” in the 17-nation euro area.
    The core of the problem is that 80 percent of all loans or credits to businesses in Europe go through the banking system but banks are getting weaker and less able to lend as the ongoing recession increases the share on non-performing loans and toxic assets on their books. Some banks will now have to strengthen their capital base.
    “In Europe, you have to go through banks. You don’t have capital markets of the kind you have in the United States, so that we have to proceed via the banking system,” Draghi said, adding that 80 percent of all financial intermediation in the U.S. goes via capital markets.
    So together with the European Investment Bank (EIB), the ECB is working on ways to package and thus create a market for such loans, known as asset-backed securities (ABSs).
    But it’s far from an easy task and the outcome is far from clear.
    “We do not have a precise position on what we will do,” Draghi admitted, “you have to consider that the ABS market is dead and has been dead for a long time.”
    Another important event in central banking this week was the Federal Reserve’s  statement that it may either increase or decrease the amount of assets it will be purchasing, depending on the state of the U.S. jobs market and inflation.
    Like the Bank of Japan and the Bank of England, the Federal Reserve has been engaged in purchasing various assets, mainly government bonds, to keep long-term interest rates low as a way to  stimulate economic activity when official policy rates hit the zero bound.
    While the Federal Reserve is still sticking to its current plan of buying $85 billion worth of Treasuries and housing-related debt a month, the issue of how and when it will start to curtail these purchases weigh heavily on investors’ minds.
    Although the Federal Reserve has assured markets that its “exceptionally” low target for the federal funds rate will remain in place for quite a while, any sign that it will reduce its asset purchases seems likely to be interpreted as the start of monetary tightening, sending shockwaves through financial markets.
      Every word uttered by members of the Federal Open Market Committee of how and when the Federal Reserve will start to normalize monetary policy is causing jitters in markets, and the debate is likely to dominate sentiment for months.
    Signs of an improving U.S. economy is immediately met by expectations that the Federal Reserve will wind down asset purchases while signs of a worsening economy is seen as a reason for expanding asset purchases.
    By now officially linking its asset purchases to inflation and the jobs market – just like the federal funds rate – the Federal Reserve is seeking to soothe investors’ frayed nerves: Don’t worry, monetary policy will first be tightened when the economy is strong enough to handle it.
    Through the first 18 weeks of this year, 20 percent of the 168 policy decisions taken by the 90 central banks followed by Central Bank News have lead to rate cuts, up from 19 percent after the first 17 weeks.
    Central banks in emerging markets account for 38 percent of this year’s rate cuts, but thanks to this week’s cut by the ECB and Denmark, the ratio of rate cuts by banks in developed markets tripled to 9 percent from 3 percent.
    Central banks from other markets – such as Botswana this week and Mongolia and Georgia in past weeks – account for 41 percent of all rate cuts this year.
    But the overwhelming majority of this year’s decisions by central banks, 76 percent, have gone in favour of holding rates on hold following last year’s spree of rate cuts and the slow, but gradual improvement of the global economy.
ANGOLA 10.00% 10.00% 10.25%
BOTSWANA 9.00% 9.50% 9.50%
BULGARIA FM 0.02% 0.01% 0.15%
ALBANIA 3.75% 3.75% 4.25%
UNITED STATES DM 0.25% 0.25% 0.25%
EURO AREA DM 0.50% 0.75% 1.00%
CZECH REPUBLIC EM 0.05% 0.05% 0.75%
DENMARK DM 0.20% 0.30% 0.60%
ROMANIA FM 5.25% 5.25% 5.25%
UGANDA 12.00% 12.00% 20.00%
INDIA EM 7.25% 7.50% 8.00%
    Next week (week 19) features 13 central bank policy decisions, including Australia, Sri Lanka, Norway, Malawi, Poland, Georgia, South Korea, United Kingdom, Malaysia, Peru, Egypt, the Philippines and Mozambique. New Zealand will be issuing its financial stability report on May 8.
    In addition, the U.K is hosting the spring meeting of Group of Seven (G7) finance ministers and central bank governors on Friday and Saturday. The G7, which has met regularly since 1976, comprises Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the USA. Representatives of the European Union, the ECB and heads of international financial institutions also attend the meetings.
COUNTRY MSCI              DATE               RATE        1 YEAR AGO
AUSTRALIA DM 7-May 3.00% 3.75%
SRI LANKA FM 7-May 7.50% 7.75%
MALAWI 7-May 25.00% 16.00%
NORWAY DM 8-May 1.50% 1.50%
POLAND EM 8-May 3.25% 4.75%
GEORGIA 8-May 4.50% 6.00%
SOUTH KOREA EM 9-May 2.75% 3.25%
UNITED KINGDOM DM 9-May 0.50% 0.50%
MALAYSIA EM 9-May 3.00% 3.00%
PERU EM 9-May 4.25% 4.25%
EGYPT EM 9-May 9.75% 9.25%
PHILIPPINES EM 10-May 3.50% 4.00%
MOZAMBIQUE 10-May 9.50% 13.50%

US Stock Market Indices updates for Friday and week ended 26 April 2013

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US Stock Market Indices updates for Friday and week ended 26 April 2013

US #DJIA Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 11.75 points or 0.1% on Friday to close at 14,712.55 and for the week the index rose 1.1%.

US #Nasdaq Composite Index (COMP) fell 10.72 points or 0.3% on Friday to close at 3,279.26 gaining 2.3% For the week

US benchmark Standard & Poor’s #S&P500 Index fell 2.92 points or 0.2% to close at 1,582.24 and for the week the index rose 1.7%

All #US #StockMarket #Indices ended the week with gains

US current equity market money flows

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US money trend


There’s been a lot of press recently about investors suddenly waking up after four years of strong market gains and deciding to take their money out of “safe” fixed income investments and put it into stocks.

What’s implied in many of these articles is that this flow is what’s putting the recent zip into the S&P 500.  What’s also implied, and sometimes stated, is that this is the “dumb money” whose arrival on stage is a signal that we’re entering the closing act of the current bull market.

Both implications might have some truth to them.  But neither is anything like the full story.   Most people are a lot smarter than that.  Money flows are a lot more complex.

This is what I see:

1. Any money going into stock market mutual funds or ETFs is not coming out of bonds.  Bond funds have had large inflows every month…

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